2022 Student Research Conference:
35th Annual Student Research Conference

Comparisons of Strength Gain from Different Resistance Training Modes in Men and Women of Equal Fat-Free Mass Index


Ashley E. Meng* and Nicole R. Young
Dr. Jerry Mayhew and Ms. Elizabeth Jorn, Faculty Mentors

Comparisons of strength gains from resistance training (RT) are ongoing.  The purpose of this study was to compare strength gains from different training modes in men and women of similar fat-free mass indices (FFMI).  Men (n = 121) and women (n = 150) with similar FFMI were selected to train with either free weights (FW, n = 116), seated horizontal press (SHP, n = 74) or supine vertical press (SVP, n = 81) for 12 weeks.  Two-way ANOVA revealed there was no significant difference between sexes in mode-specific absolute strength gain.  SHP and SVP produced significantly greater absolute strength gains than FW.  When percent strength gain was considered, women made a significantly greater strength gain than men and SHP and SVP produced greater strength gains than FW.  These results suggest that men and women of comparable FFMI are likely to make similar gains in upper-body strength following training.

Keywords: body weight, strength gains, FFMI, women and men, resistance training, two-way ANOVA

Topic(s):Exercise Science

Presentation Type: Asynchronous Virtual Presentation

Session: 2-8
Location: https://flipgrid.com/32e803dc
Time: 0:00

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