2018 Student Research Conference:
31st Annual Student Research Conference

Comparison of Maximal and Submaximal Bench Press Modalities and Their Correlation with Body Composition Variables in College Softball Athletes

Kadie C. Orenstein* and Riley V. Cook
Dr. Jerry Mayhew, Faculty Mentor

Muscular endurance of the upper body can be evaluated through submaximal bench press testing using various modalities such as barbell (BB) and dumbbell (DB) bench presses. Studies have reported a relationship between muscular performance and body composition variables. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between repetitions to fatigue (RTF) using percentages of both barbell 1-RM and dumbbell 1-RM, and to compare these values to body composition measurements. Thirteen softball athletes completed RTF using 60% of DB 1-RM and 60% of BB 1-RM using both DB and BB modalities for each 1-RM. Test order was randomized and measured on separate days. Bench press performance data was analyzed and compared to FM, FFM, and bone density using DEXA. Paired t-tests were used to note potential significant correlations between RTF of BB and DB bench presses, and these values were then compared to body composition data.

Keywords: muscular endurance, bench press, barbell bench press, dumbbell bench press, repetitions to fatigue, DEXA, body composition, softball

Topic(s):Exercise Science

Presentation Type: Poster

Session: 5-4
Location: GEO - SUB
Time: 3:30

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