2006 Student Research Conference:
19th Annual Student Research Conference

Science

Mechanisms for the Alkaline Hydrolysis and Perhydrolysis of a VX Simulant
Rebecca S. Hanania* and Ashley N. Jay
Dr. Eric V. Patterson, Faculty Mentor

The mechanism for the neutralization of the nerve agent VX by either alkaline hydrolysis or perhydrolysis is thought to begin with a nucleophilic attack at phosphorous giving a trigonal bipyramidal (TBP) intermediate structure with the alkoxide group in an apical position. This can be followed by cleavage of the P-O bond, or one or more pseudorotations to different TBP structures followed by P-O or P-S bond cleavage. Using a simulant (a simpler molecule with similar structure and reactivity), the energy of each transition state and intermediate was determined computationally for each pseudorotation reaction pathway. Density functional theory was used to obtain optimized structures and vibrational frequencies, and molecular orbital theory was used to obtain electronic and solvation energies. The calculations are consistent with experimental data, which show that hydrolysis of VX results in either P-S bond cleavage or P-O bond cleavage, whereas perhydrolysis results only in P-S bond cleavage.

Keywords: computational chem, VX, nerve agent, hydrolysis, perhydrolysis, pseudorotation

Topic(s):Chemistry

Presentation Type: Oral Paper

Session: 26-2
Location: VH 1432
Time: 10:00

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