2012 Student Research Conference:
25th Annual Student Research Conference

Greeks and the Mediterranean Coast: Carthaginian and Greek Settlements from a Perspective of Statistical Anthropology
Jessica N. Bernstetter
Dr. Amber Johnson, Faculty Mentor

Rome was not the only enemy of Carthage. On the island of Sicily during the first millennium BC, interactions among the Greek colonizers, Carthaginian settlers, and Sicilian natives were often hostile during this period of intense colonization and trading. The anthropological models of subsistence strategy and trading patterns were used analyze 16 settlements, revealing a dependence on resource gathering. The hostility between groups, which sometimes led to battle, resulted from the increased tension caused by the Greeks arrival during the colonization in their Archaic Age, and their dependence on resource gathering. While Carthaginian settlers and native Sicilians had coexisted in relative harmony, the Greek settlers on Sicily came into conflict with both of the other groups. The coastline was valuable and contested; by the establishment of the Roman Republic in 509 BC, the Greeks inhabited the coastline and the earlier settlements were pushed inwards.

Keywords: Archaic Age, Carthage, Colonization, Greece, Resources, Rome , Settlements, Sicily

Topic(s):Carthage Did Not Die - Phi Alpha Theta History

Presentation Type: Oral Paper

Session: 204-1
Location: MG 1090
Time: 9:30

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