2014 Student Research Conference:
27th Annual Student Research Conference

Machismo and Marianismo Revisited: Language, Acculturation, and Gender Role Perceptions Among Latinos
Analia F. Albuja
Dr. Sherri A. Palmer, Faculty Mentor

Gender roles within the U.S. Latino culture have largely been labeled as machismo and marianismo, though often not representative of all Latinos (Fernandez-Esquer, Diamond & Atkinson, 2010). To better understand the heterogeneity within this culture, we must determine factors that identify subpopulations that vary in these beliefs. The present study measured the gender role perceptions of 46 Latino adults, presenting all measures in English and Spanish. Acculturation was also measured with self-reports of language use, socialization, and entertainment. As predicted, Latinos who are more acculturated reported more liberal attitudes toward women, r = -0.403, p < .01 and less support of marianismo beliefs, r = 0.480, p < .01. Furthermore, participants who reported high English usage demonstrated more egalitarian attitudes towards women, r = -0.433, p < .01 and less adherence to traditional marianismo beliefs, r = 0.578, p < .001. These results have implications for psychology, health, and education.

Keywords: Gender role, Machismo, Marianismo, Latinos, Acculturation, Spanish, Attitudes Toward Women

Topic(s):Psychology

Presentation Type: Oral Paper

Session: 408-3
Location: MG 2001
Time: 3:00

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