Blood Glucose Level Effects due to Glucose, Sucralose, Aspartame, and Caffeine
Robert C. Reams* and Kyle T. Shimmens
Dr. Janice Clark Young, Faculty Mentor
The effects glucose (GL), sucralose (SU), aspartame (AS), and caffeine (CF) had on blood glucose levels (BGLs) were examined in this study. Participants (N=39) attended five sessions, fasted two hours before each, and were sedentary during testing. A baseline BGL reading was taken before ingesting the solution and six readings were taken (one every 10 minutes) after ingestion. Participants received all five solutions of eight fluid ounces of distilled water (DW), GL (50g), SU (2000mg), AS (2000mg), and CF (150mg). An average increase of 46.95 mg/dL in BGLs occurred 30 minutes post ingestion (GL solution). The other four solutions slightly increased BGL at 10 minutes followed by BGL decreases over the next 50 minutes (final BGLs were < baseline BGLs). SU, AS, and CF increased BGLs at 10 minutes 2-3 times more than DW. The effects SU, AS, and CF had on BGLs compared to DW were not significantly different.
Keywords: Glucose, Sucralose, Splenda, Aspartame, Caffeine, Blood Glucose Level, Diabetes, Sugar
Presentation Type: Oral Paper
Location: VH 1010